Inter-American Centre for Knowledge Development in Vocational Training
Projoven (Program for Young People) - INEFOP. Uruguay
Support young people from low-income sectors, through job training processes, effectively articulated to labor market demands and support processes to formal education incorporation, so that they can improve their employability.
Young people between 18 and 29 years, belonging to socially disadvantaged sectors, and who meet the following requirements:
- Incomplete secondary studies (intermediate school level).
- Not studying at the moment, or doing so during night time.
- Little or no formal work experience.
- Unemployed or looking for work for the first time.
Giving priority to:
- Young householders.
- Young women without partners and dependent children
This program arose under the National Employment Board (JUNAE) and the Employment National Direction of the Ministry of Labour, in accordance with INJU.
It tries to strengthen the link between job training for young people and labor market requirements. It cooperates with companies in the incorporation of qualified young people and supports training institutions working with the target population, in order to strengthen their management capacity and productive relationship with the productive world. Also it works hard towards educational reintegration of young participants.
Training courses through public tenders are offered, requiring entities that give a course to design it according to the demands that companies, hiring labor force, are requiring. There is a strong concern for the relevance of the training offered, to provide young people appropriate training to meet the changing demands of the labor market. Each institution decides the occupational area in which the course will be presented, also it chooses programs and human resources with which they will work. Among the offers received the best are chosen taking into account the quality of education, the link with the demands of the labor market and the cost.
It is required that 45% of graduates are inserted into a job. The job placements in private enterprises should be formal and are fully paid by employers.
Most of the time is devoted to workshops and training provided is practical. The courses do not end on the last day of class, a period of monitoring and support for employment and educational reintegration of approximately one year follows. Many of the young people carry out internships in companies. They count with support in finding employment and most of them are accompanied in their jobs until they pass the test period.
- Articulating training requirements to the needs of the productive sectors.
- Labor and social guidance and accompaniment since the beginning of the course until about a year after having completed it. These activities are conducted through two components, the Work and Social Guidance Workshop (TOLS) and individual support (AI).
- The monitoring and supervision of the courses by the Program Coordination Unit, which ensures compliance with the guidelines of the project and correct issues during its development.
It also has some innovative features, such as:
- Provide training closely linked with human resource demands; each course includes the precise identification of employment opportunities for its graduates.
- Provide practical training, supplemented by support for job placement.
- Decentralization of management: the courses are conducted by training institutions through public tendering.
- Implementation based on results monitored and evaluated: it oversees and supports the delivery of the courses and it is paid according to results.
- Almost 9 in 10 young graduates got a job after the course, a significant percentage succeeds immediately.
- More than a third of the graduates keeps the first job and those who quit do so for a better job.
- The labor market entry is persistent over time, as even after more than a year, there is a 63% of young people who are working (well above the percentage of the population of the same age).
- Young people strongly keep both the first and the second job, demonstrating their ability to adapt to the dynamics and logic of the world of work.
- The percentage of social coverage remains high, at 79%, so it generates decent work, of quality and it advances in civil rights.
Since 1996 more than 25,000 young people have benefited from Projoven.
According to the 2009 graduates survey, 3700 young people were selected and derived to courses, 161 courses were conducted in 15 departments. The courses were implemented by 53 ECAS.